• 271教育 | How to be an efficient learner ——潍坊瀚声学校举行第四周升旗仪式
  • 发布人: 发布日期:2018-09-26

  9月26日上午,我校举行第四周升旗仪式,本次升旗仪式由六年级(6)班李欣怡同学主持,伴随着雄壮的国歌声,五星红旗冉冉升起,全体师生肃立行注目礼。外方副校长康妮作《How to be an efficient learner》的主题演讲,她希望同学们能够通过合理运用学习策略,更加积极、高效地学习,真正成为一名高效学习者。

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附国旗下讲话稿

How to be an efficient learner

如何成为一名高效学习者

Good morning, Principal Wang, leaders, teachers and students!

    Today I am going to talk about how to be an Efficient Learner, as I'm sure you will agree, this requires students to consciously employ a set of critical strategies. It also becomes our responsibility as their teachers to help them be academically successful. 
    When I was a teacher some 30+ years ago, I too was guilty of ignoring some key questions about my students: 
    Why are they arriving in my classroom unprepared for learning? 
    When I ask them to "pay attention," in class--do they really KNOW how to do that? If I ask them to take notes, do they know how to go about doing that effectively? 
    So today, I am going to share with all of you how you can become better and more efficient as learners. 

尊敬的王校长,各位老师、同学们,大家上午好!

  今天我要讲的是如何成为一个高效的学习者,接下来我会讲到一些学习方法,需要学生们有意识地使用这一套关键策略。作为你们的老师,帮助你们在学习上取得成功也是我的责任。

  我从教30余年,曾经也对忽视学生的一些关键问题感到愧疚:

  他们为什么没有做好学习的准备呢?

  当我要求他们在课堂上“注意听讲”时,他们真的知道怎么做吗?如果我要求他们做笔记,他们知道如何有效地去做吗?

  所以今天,我想要与大家分享如何成为一名高效的学习者。

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Lets’ start with being a good listener!

 It is one of the most important skills one requires to be successful in your school life and that is for you to be a good listener in class. Just hearing what your teachers say is not the same as listening to what they say. 

 Be cognitively ready to listen when you come to class. Make sure you complete all assigned work and readings. Review your notes from previous class sessions. Think about what you know about the topic that will be covered in class that day.

 Be emotionally ready to listen when you come to class. Your attitude about learning is important. Make a conscious choice to find the topic useful, while being committed to learning all that you can. 

 Listening requires you to pay attention, think about it and mentally process what you hear so you understand. Here are some things you should do to be a good listener in class.

让我们从做一个合格的听课者开始吧!

  学会听课是你在学校生活中获得成功最重要的技能。听老师说的话和会听课是完全不一样的。

  在上课之前就要做好听课的准备,确保完成所有老师之前布置的学习和阅读任务,复习以前课堂上的笔记,思考当天你有可能在课堂上将要讨论的话题。

  在上课之前,首先要做好情感准备。学习的态度很重要,你要在课堂上有意识地,发现哪些话题是有用的,然后尽可能去探究这些话题。

  听课需要你去注意、去思考,并在大脑中处理你听到的话,从而让自己理解。以下是你在课堂上做好听课者所需要注意的几点:

    Listen with a purpose. Identify what you expect and hope to learn from the class session. Listen for these things as your teacher talks.

    Listen with an open mind. Be receptive to what your teacher says. It is good to question what is said as long as you remain open to points of view other than your own. 

    Be attentive. Focus on what your teacher is saying. Try not to daydream and let your mind wander to other things. It helps to sit in the front and center of the class, and to maintain eye contact with your teacher. 

    Be an active listener. You can think faster than your teacher can speak. Use this to your advantage by evaluating what is being said and trying to anticipate what will be said next. Take written notes about what your teacher says. While you can think faster than your teacher can speak, you cannot write faster than your teacher can speak.

    Taking notes requires you to make decisions about what to write, and you have to be an active listener to do this, so stay focused so you don’t miss an important point.

    Meet the challenge. Don't give up and stop listening when you find the information being presented difficult to understand. Listen even more carefully at these times and work hard to understand what is being said. Don't be reluctant to ask questions, this is the opportunity to ask questions to enhance or deepen your understanding of the learning material. 

    Triumph over the environment. The classroom may be too noisy, too hot, too cold, too bright, or too dark. Don't give in to these inconveniences. Stay focused on the big picture--LEARNING.

  带着目的听课。确定自己期待获得什么知识,想要从课堂上学到什么。当老师讲课时,就要将注意力放在这些地方。

  敞开心扉地听课。要从心里接受老师的话,对观点持开放态度。

  集中注意力。关注你的老师在说什么。不要在课堂上神游四方,控制自己的思维不要转向其他事物。时刻保持目光与老师相接触,坐在教室的前排和中心位置会很有帮助。

  做一个积极的听课者。在老师讲出下一句话之前,你就可以提前思考到这里。通过分析老师正在讲的内容,并尝试预测老师接下来要讲的内容,这将是很大的优势。将老师的话记下来,虽然你想的能比老师说的快,但你不可能写的比老师说的快。

  记笔记需要由你自己来决定到底写什么,所以你必须积极的听课,保持专注,这样就不会错过任何一个重点信息。

  迎接挑战。当发现有的问题很难理解时,不要放弃。这时候更要仔细听课,努力理解老师所说的话。不要不敢提问,提问正是加深你对学知识理解的最好方式。

  战胜环境。教室可能会嘈杂、太热、太冷、太亮、或者太暗。但是不要屈服于任何困境,要专注于大局——学习。

    In classes, your teachers will talk about topics that you are studying. The information they provide will be important for you to know when you take tests. You must be able to take good written notes from what your teachers say and teach you. 
    Taking good notes is a three-stage process in which there are certain things you should do before class, during class, and after class. Here are what you can do during each stage. 

  在课堂上,老师们会讲到学习的重难点,这就需要你们记好笔记。

  做好笔记分课前、课中和课后三个阶段,以下是每个阶段的注意事项:

1 Get Ready to Take Notes (Before Class)

    Review your notes from the previous class session before you come to class. This will help you remember what was covered and get you ready to understand new information your teacher provides. Complete all assigned readings before you come to class. 

1 课前——做好记笔记的准备

  课前复习上节课的笔记,这将帮助你回想学过的内容,并让你做好接受新知识的准备。在上课前完成老师布置的阅读任务和作业。

2Take Notes (During Class)

    Keep your attention focused on what your teacher is saying. Listen for ‘signal statements’ that tell you that what the teacher is saying is important to write down. For example: ‘the most important point…remember that. Be sure to include in your notes information that your teacher repeats or writes on the white board or chart paper. 
    Writing your notes in short form like when you are texting your friends.
    Write quickly so that you can include all the important information in your notes. 

2课上——做好笔记

  把注意力集中在老师身上,注意听“提示语句”,它会告诉你老师的哪些话很重要、你需要记到笔记里。提示语句可能是这样的:“最重要的地方是……”和“记住……”。老师重复讲的或写在黑板上的信息,要着重笔记。

  使用简单缩写来代替单词,比如很多英语母语国家的年轻人发短信时用的方法。

  学会速写,这能帮助你们把所有重要的信息都包含在笔记中。

3Rewrite Your Notes (After Class)

    Rewrite your notes to make them more complete by changing abbreviated words and symbols into whole words. Change any shortened sentences into complete longer sentences. 
    Make your notes more accurate by answering any questions you had when writing your notes in class. If necessary, ask your teacher or other students for help. Having good class notes will help you to be better prepared for tests. 

3课后——复习笔记

  改写笔记并补充完整,把缩写词和特殊符号改成词语,把短句改成完整的长句。

  在课堂上记笔记时,你们或许会有一些问题,在课后就应为这些问题寻求解答,补充笔记使之更加准确,也可以向老师或其他学生寻求帮助。良好的课堂笔记在准备考试的阶段是很好的复习资料。

    These few points will hopefully help you to become better-equipped students who are more proactive and effective in your approach to learning, so you can be successful as learners to achieve at the top of your class. 

    Make good choices about your future, now is the time to get serious about your learning!

Thank you! 

  相信以上几点能够帮助你更加积极、高效地学习,真正成为一名高效的学习者,并取得优异的成绩。

  各位,为了你的未来能够更加美好,现在是时候认真对待你的学习了!

谢谢大家!